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Brucellosis among human populations in AL-Musaib district, Babylon province/Iraq

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 جواد كاظم طراد الخفاجي 10/05/2012 07:00:21
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Brucellosis among human populations in AL-Musaib district, Babylon province/Iraq

Jawad Kadhum T. AL-Khafaji
Coll. of Medicine/Babylon University
 


Abstract:

The study was carried out in Ibn-Saif hospital at AL-Musaib district for the period of January to December, 2000 to study the incidence of brucellosis disease, 369 patients with brucellosis were studies. The predominant associated of causes the diseases were Brucella melitensis and B.abortus. The age-group of (<1-5 year) was the most frequent group. Over 66% of cases were females. Incidence of the disease amongpatients was from rural area, case records at hot months more than in cold months.
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Key words: brucellosis, Incidence, AL-Musaib, Iraq.

Introduction:
Brucellosis is primarily a zoontic disease affecting animals and man in many parts of the world (1,2). The disease is worldwide in its distribution.

Its incidence varies from country to country (3). Over 500000 cases of brucellosis are reported yearly to WHO from 100 countries, infection of Brucella melitensis, distributed in Mediterranean region, Latin American, and Asia.

B.abortus infection occurs worldwide, but has been effectively eradicated in several European countries, Japan and Palestine land. Whereas, B.suis occurs mainly in the Midwestern United States, South American and South East Asia , whereas B.canis infection is most common in North and South America, Japan and European(4).

Human infection is usually acquired by animal contact (5). The disease is transmitted to human through ingestion of unpasteurized milk and milk products or ingestion of uncooked meat. Meantime, it is an occupational hazard to laboratory worker, verterinians, farmers, shepherds and meat inspectors (6) . Human to human transmission is rare (7) but has been reported in association with blood

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